U

unibiAPC

About

The aim of this repository is:

  • to release datasets on fees paid for Open Access journal articles by Universities and Research Society Funds under an Open Database License
  • to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions.

Participating German Universities

So far, the following German universities have agreed to share information on paid author processing charges (APC):

Participating Research Society Funds in Germany

Dataset on funds that are supported by research societies under its Open-Access Publishing Programme.

Participating Research Organizations:

The data content covers APCs as paid for by our central budget for the Max Planck Society (MPS). APCs funded locally by Max Planck Institutes are not part of this data set. The MPS has a limited input tax reduction. The refund of input VAT for APC is 20%. Until the end of 2007 the MPS was VAT exempt.

Participating Austrian Institutions

Participating Italian Institutions

Participating Institutions from the United Kingdom:

Jisc Collections released data on APC payments made by UK higher education institutions (HEIs):

  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Cardiff University
  • Cranfield University
  • Durham University
  • Imperial College London
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
  • King's College London
  • Loughborough University
  • London School of Economics (LSE)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
  • Newcastle University
  • Northumbria University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Mary University of London
  • Queen's University Belfast
  • Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Swansea University
  • University College London (UCL)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Warwick
  • University of York

Participating Institutions from the United States:

Participating Canadian Institutions:

Supranational participants

  • OpenAIRE (FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot)

Dataset

This dataset contains information on 29,637 open access journal articles being published in fully and hybrid open access journal. Publication fees for these articles were supported financially by 91 research performing institutions and research funders.

In total, publication fee spending covered by the Open APC initiative amounted to € 55,150,250. The average payment was € 1,861 and the median was € 1,661.

View dataset on GitHub or take a look at our treemap visualisations.

Spending distribution over fully and hybrid open access journals

Fully Open Access Journals

16,960 articles in the dataset were published in fully open access journals. Total spending on publication fees for these articles amounts to € 23,777,436, including value-added tax; the average payment was € 1,402 (median = € 1,312, SD = € 628).

The following table summarises institutional spending on articles published in fully open access journals.

Institution Articles Spending total (in €) Mean (SD) Median Minimum - Maximum
MPG 3,087 4,015,268 1,301 (464) 1,184 69 - 7,419
University of Calgary 884 993,823 1,124 (448) 1,145 50 - 4,632
UCL 873 1,391,937 1,594 (776) 1,501 88 - 5,630
Wellcome Trust 767 1,308,860 1,706 (742) 1,602 240 - 5,486
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 754 1,059,612 1,405 (651) 1,274 100 - 5,216
Goettingen U 650 883,918 1,360 (476) 1,354 180 - 4,695
OpenAIRE 544 789,670 1,452 (423) 1,413 209 - 2,086
Regensburg U 484 652,522 1,348 (564) 1,254 77 - 4,403
Freiburg U 471 626,480 1,330 (410) 1,386 50 - 2,474
Wuerzburg U 469 595,119 1,269 (416) 1,266 0 - 2,514
KIT 425 521,166 1,226 (525) 1,242 69 - 3,731
Tuebingen U 411 548,124 1,334 (407) 1,346 150 - 2,662
Erlangen Nuernberg U 401 550,174 1,372 (369) 1,424 124 - 2,286
Imperial College London 375 757,675 2,020 (1,120) 1,655 38 - 5,495
Muenchen LMU 365 463,491 1,270 (296) 1,299 496 - 2,023
Bielefeld U 349 437,899 1,255 (336) 1,276 0 - 2,380
Münster U 325 381,287 1,173 (437) 1,159 168 - 2,380
Giessen U 317 428,690 1,352 (575) 1,273 81 - 4,498
TU Muenchen 308 390,086 1,267 (479) 1,386 131 - 2,122
Bremen U 264 335,873 1,272 (425) 1,246 112 - 2,657
University of Birmingham 234 396,503 1,694 (722) 1,638 137 - 5,441
Konstanz U 220 300,709 1,367 (403) 1,361 40 - 2,072
Heidelberg U 215 308,348 1,434 (377) 1,500 60 - 2,042
University of Bristol 193 343,251 1,779 (863) 1,638 143 - 5,371
University of Cambridge 190 368,427 1,939 (977) 1,789 -1,057 - 5,352
FU Berlin 187 255,545 1,367 (505) 1,410 150 - 2,142
Leipzig U 173 243,873 1,410 (331) 1,471 341 - 2,055
FZJ - ZB 158 196,869 1,246 (516) 1,177 370 - 3,700
Virginia Tech 153 165,423 1,081 (472) 1,216 112 - 2,484
Duisburg-Essen U 147 178,437 1,214 (356) 1,212 238 - 2,800
University of Oxford 146 275,670 1,888 (838) 1,638 262 - 5,495
Bochum U 130 188,000 1,446 (433) 1,510 100 - 2,648
TU Dresden 130 175,723 1,352 (416) 1,415 200 - 2,193
Leibniz-Fonds 129 208,581 1,617 (708) 1,572 66 - 4,403
GFZ-Potsdam 126 148,862 1,181 (755) 1,082 137 - 4,403
Harvard U 94 82,722 880 (539) 796 75 - 3,139
Bayreuth U 92 105,725 1,149 (532) 1,200 82 - 2,059
LSHTM 81 134,194 1,657 (546) 1,675 521 - 3,518
Oldenburg U 78 89,818 1,152 (485) 1,264 63 - 1,850
JGU Mainz 76 122,233 1,608 (418) 1,610 110 - 2,646
University of Manchester 75 149,380 1,992 (970) 1,650 522 - 6,395
University of Warwick 73 146,418 2,006 (1,417) 1,641 442 - 9,033
Hannover U 69 90,259 1,308 (414) 1,241 149 - 2,159
Queen's University Belfast 68 105,959 1,558 (669) 1,553 808 - 5,211
TiHo Hannover 66 86,971 1,318 (498) 1,396 196 - 2,656
Ulm U 62 84,310 1,360 (647) 1,285 260 - 5,284
King's College London 61 126,369 2,072 (1,062) 1,642 579 - 5,464
Cardiff University 55 98,083 1,783 (749) 1,638 205 - 3,970
Kassel U 55 59,511 1,082 (545) 1,129 150 - 2,321
TU Chemnitz 55 60,695 1,104 (696) 1,374 78 - 2,123
MDC 51 103,028 2,020 (1,220) 1,483 575 - 4,662
Newcastle University 51 91,101 1,786 (1,002) 1,385 304 - 4,691
Milano U 48 74,335 1,549 (933) 1,357 110 - 4,470
University of Sheffield 47 74,948 1,595 (938) 1,547 323 - 4,691
University of St Andrews 47 86,067 1,831 (1,089) 1,638 423 - 5,211
University of Liverpool 46 87,870 1,910 (646) 1,798 631 - 4,450
UFZ 40 42,186 1,055 (404) 979 232 - 2,291
Queen Mary, University of London 36 47,197 1,311 (453) 1,233 458 - 3,272
HZDR 32 48,303 1,509 (923) 1,170 344 - 3,700
University of York 31 57,720 1,862 (1,009) 1,638 269 - 5,211
Dortmund TU 28 26,410 943 (937) 826 155 - 4,403
Swansea University 25 43,634 1,745 (864) 1,346 864 - 4,691
University of Glasgow 25 39,711 1,588 (624) 1,454 832 - 3,510
Durham University 24 36,423 1,518 (555) 1,489 227 - 3,102
Hamburg TUHH 24 32,789 1,366 (499) 1,466 300 - 2,027
Potsdam U 24 32,128 1,339 (236) 1,386 916 - 2,116
University of Reading 24 38,180 1,591 (608) 1,562 493 - 2,672
TU Wien 23 32,403 1,409 (421) 1,323 768 - 2,192
University of Leicester 23 39,034 1,697 (725) 1,638 414 - 3,230
Bamberg U 22 23,663 1,076 (563) 1,009 90 - 2,010
Northumbria University 22 55,286 2,513 (1,590) 1,638 1,186 - 5,211
University of Bath 21 30,539 1,454 (675) 1,257 416 - 2,830
TU Ilmenau 17 18,540 1,091 (594) 1,046 178 - 2,077
ICR 13 27,313 2,101 (1,113) 1,638 1,218 - 5,211
University of Sussex 13 26,551 2,042 (1,292) 1,253 881 - 4,691
Aston University 12 27,424 2,285 (1,197) 1,793 1,454 - 4,797
University of Aberdeen 10 18,673 1,867 (1,043) 1,631 962 - 4,505
Bangor University 9 14,447 1,605 (487) 1,654 937 - 2,264
Royal Holloway 9 12,714 1,413 (439) 1,244 928 - 2,349
Plymouth University 8 9,936 1,242 (348) 1,220 638 - 1,714
TU Clausthal 8 6,999 875 (514) 918 181 - 1,724
Cranfield University 5 6,557 1,311 (723) 1,688 234 - 1,975
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 5 5,744 1,149 (560) 1,305 237 - 1,679
University of Portsmouth 5 7,706 1,541 (373) 1,354 1,209 - 1,973
IPN 4 3,909 977 (1,099) 479 330 - 2,621
University of Salford 4 5,690 1,423 (664) 1,468 745 - 2,011
University of Huddersfield 3 3,570 1,190 (129) 1,260 1,042 - 1,268
University of Hull 3 4,417 1,472 (626) 1,638 780 - 1,999
University of Surrey 3 4,773 1,591 (750) 1,638 819 - 2,316
Loughborough University 1 980 980 ( 0) 980 980 - 980

Articles published in hybrid open access journals

Hybrid open access journals, which allow articles to be published immediatley as open access after a charge was paid, rely on both publication fees and subscritions as revenue source. This dataset covers 12,677 open access articles being published in hybrid journals. Total expenditure amounts to 55,150,250 €. Average fee is 2,475 € and the median 2,469 €.

The following institutions have contributed expenditures on hybrid open access journal articles.

Institution Articles Spending total (in €) Mean (SD) Median Minimum - Maximum
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 2,559 6,127,683 2,395 (733) 2,516 120 - 5,315
Wellcome Trust 2,335 6,210,243 2,660 (955) 2,614 270 - 6,036
UCL 1,922 4,105,842 2,136 (828) 1,926 248 - 5,606
Imperial College London 875 2,291,595 2,619 (801) 2,630 255 - 5,572
University of Cambridge 630 1,694,335 2,689 (909) 2,608 -65 - 6,217
University of Bristol 534 1,326,923 2,485 (870) 2,351 298 - 5,535
University of Birmingham 405 960,727 2,372 (846) 2,397 298 - 5,563
University of Oxford 380 1,167,431 3,072 (1,160) 2,804 273 - 8,705
University of Manchester 370 966,466 2,612 (1,007) 2,582 221 - 5,373
University of Warwick 261 662,411 2,538 (797) 2,585 739 - 4,820
Cardiff University 243 643,956 2,650 (761) 2,669 276 - 5,588
King's College London 216 615,440 2,849 (1,003) 2,767 499 - 7,427
University of Sheffield 190 456,777 2,404 (938) 2,234 303 - 6,253
Newcastle University 168 430,248 2,561 (865) 2,603 694 - 6,965
University of Reading 160 373,528 2,335 (702) 2,241 620 - 4,507
Durham University 142 295,653 2,082 (643) 1,998 551 - 4,169
LSHTM 124 327,879 2,644 (721) 2,599 1,123 - 4,726
Loughborough University 109 240,228 2,204 (863) 2,192 298 - 4,134
Queen Mary, University of London 96 233,114 2,428 (937) 2,384 298 - 5,214
University of Glasgow 86 208,568 2,425 (867) 2,325 187 - 4,677
University of Bath 79 158,599 2,008 (772) 1,978 194 - 5,628
Swansea University 76 184,205 2,424 (799) 2,528 918 - 5,211
University of Liverpool 68 183,475 2,698 (852) 2,678 398 - 5,212
University of St Andrews 64 145,106 2,267 (656) 2,212 414 - 4,136
University of York 57 155,382 2,726 (1,048) 2,662 331 - 5,211
Aston University 46 104,652 2,275 (979) 2,306 331 - 4,351
University of Calgary 45 91,902 2,042 (390) 2,184 997 - 2,665
University of Leicester 39 107,076 2,746 (980) 2,585 1,116 - 5,375
Northumbria University 38 75,542 1,988 (1,093) 1,685 662 - 4,567
ICR 37 115,982 3,135 (932) 2,812 1,816 - 5,211
Queen's University Belfast 31 81,071 2,615 (988) 2,585 331 - 4,989
Cranfield University 27 77,790 2,881 (698) 2,812 1,085 - 4,844
University of Huddersfield 26 33,228 1,278 (909) 982 616 - 3,102
Bangor University 25 68,604 2,744 (878) 2,659 535 - 4,170
University of Sussex 24 56,728 2,364 (1,028) 2,304 363 - 4,464
IPN 22 53,603 2,437 (554) 2,558 1,181 - 3,540
HZDR 20 11,880 594 (118) 570 540 - 1,080
MDC 18 42,227 2,346 (1,254) 1,996 491 - 4,700
Ulm U 16 33,672 2,104 (548) 2,319 1,308 - 2,631
Plymouth University 15 33,827 2,255 (839) 2,209 1,051 - 3,664
University of Aberdeen 14 37,817 2,701 (889) 2,676 438 - 4,280
Virginia Tech 14 20,480 1,463 (575) 1,256 633 - 2,337
Royal Holloway 10 21,649 2,165 (754) 2,068 845 - 3,372
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 9 27,020 3,002 (740) 3,213 1,785 - 3,861
Milano U 9 15,735 1,748 (861) 1,969 400 - 2,706
TiHo Hannover 7 11,334 1,619 (930) 1,435 547 - 3,115
University of Hull 7 22,365 3,195 (372) 3,134 2,716 - 3,838
University of Portsmouth 6 13,419 2,236 (751) 2,653 1,194 - 2,786
GFZ-Potsdam 5 10,756 2,151 (1,343) 2,190 134 - 3,795
University of Surrey 5 15,253 3,051 (478) 2,807 2,748 - 3,880
LSE 2 4,552 2,276 (434) 2,276 1,969 - 2,583
MPG 2 1,558 779 ( 23) 779 763 - 795
University of Salford 2 5,892 2,946 ( 59) 2,946 2,904 - 2,987
Dortmund TU 1 1,581 1,581 ( 0) 1,581 1,581 - 1,581
Duisburg-Essen U 1 2,618 2,618 ( 0) 2,618 2,618 - 2,618
Erlangen Nuernberg U 1 1,638 1,638 ( 0) 1,638 1,638 - 1,638
FU Berlin 1 1,500 1,500 ( 0) 1,500 1,500 - 1,500
KIT 1 2,000 2,000 ( 0) 2,000 2,000 - 2,000
Konstanz U 1 1,950 1,950 ( 0) 1,950 1,950 - 1,950
TU Chemnitz 1 100 100 ( 0) 100 100 - 100

Use of external sources

Metadata representing journals or publishers were obtained from Crossref in order to avoid extensive validation of the records. Case where we don't re-use information from Crossref to disambiguate the spending metadata are documented here. Moreover, indexing coverage in Europe PMC and the Web of science is automatically checked.

Source Variable Description
CrossRef publisher Title of Publisher
CrossRef journal_full_title Full Title of Journal
CrossRef issn International Standard Serial Numbers (collapsed)
CrossRef issn_print ISSN print
CrossRef issn_electronic ISSN electronic
CrossRef license_ref License of the article
CrossRef indexed_in_crossref Is the article metadata registered with CrossRef? (logical)
EuropePMC pmid PubMed ID
EuropePMC pmcid PubMed Central ID
Web of Science ut Web of Science record ID
DOAJ doaj Is the journal indexed in the DOAJ? (logical)

Indexing coverage

Identifier Coverage
DOI 99.61%
PubMed ID 77.92%
PubMed Central ID 72.32%
Web of Science record ID 90.41%

How to contribute?

In collaboration with the DINI working group Electronic Publishing, a wiki page(German/English) explains all the steps required. Meeting and telephone conferences are documented as well:

License

The datasets are made available under the Open Database License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/dbcl/1.0/

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

How to cite?

When citing this dataset, please indicate the release you are referring to. The releases also contain information on contributors relating to the respective release.

Please do not cite the master branch of the Github repository (https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de/tree/master/), but use the release numbers/tags.

Bielefeld University Library archives a copy (including commit history). To cite:

{Contributors:} Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions. Bielefeld University. 10.4119/UNIBI/UB.2014.18

Acknowledgement

This project follows Wellcome Trust example to share data on paid APCs. It recognises efforts from JISC and the ESAC initative to standardise APC reporting.

Contributors

Benjamin Ahlborn, Chelsea Ambler, Magdalena Andrae, Jochen Apel, Hans-Georg Becker, Roland Bertelmann, Daniel Beucke, Peter Blume, Ute Blumtritt, Kim Braun, Christoph Broschinski, Dorothea Busjahn, Pablo de Castro, Amanda Cullin, Gernot Deinzer, Julia Dickel, Andrea Dorner, Karin Eckert, Clemens Engelhardt, Inken Feldsien-Sudhaus, Fabian Franke, Claudia Frick, Agnes Geißelmann, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Uli Hahn, Kristina Hanig, Dominik Hell, Ulrich Herb, Ute Holzwarth, Christie Hurrell, Doris Jaeger, Najko Jahn, Alexandra Jobmann, Andreas Kennecke, Robert Kiley, Stephanie Kroiss, Gerrit Kuehle, Stuart Lawson, Kathrin Lucht-Roussel, Frank Lützenkirchen, Anna Marini, Anja Oberländer, Vitali Peil, Dirk Pieper, Tobias Pohlmann, Markus Putnings, Annette Scheiner, Michael Schlachter, Birgit Schlegel, Adriana Sikora, Edith Reschke, Katharina Rieck, Florian Ruckelshausen, Ilka Rudolf, Marco Tullney, Astrid Vieler, Viola Voß, Marco Winkler, Sabine Witt, Philip Young

Contact

For bugs, feature requests and other issues, please submit an issue via Github.

For general comments, email openapc at uni-bielefeld.de

Disclaimer

People, who are looking for "Open Advanced Process Control Software" for automation, visualization and process control tasks from home control up to industrial automation, please follow http://www.openapc.com (2015-09-30)