Commit 3bbd86c9 authored by Alexandra Jobmann's avatar Alexandra Jobmann

corrections on APC blogpost

parent d1baaaf7
......@@ -14,13 +14,13 @@ This blog post is part of a series that explains the study [“APCs — Mirrorin
After discussing the [summary statistics](/en/blog/2018/12/10/APCregressionsanalysis_database/) of each variable separately, we present several plots and simple statistical measures showing relationships between two variables. However, keep in mind that finding correlation between two variables does not necessarily imply causality. To state a causal relationship, one needs to run a careful regression analysis, which will be presented in the next blog post.
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## Coherence between SNIP and APC level
## Relationship between SNIP and APC level
The first figure is a scatter plot between actually paid APCs and the associated “source normalized impact per paper“ (SNIP), i.e. the average citation impact of the publications of a journal. Each point represents an article with its combination of APC and SNIP. The two axes represent the SNIP and the APC level, respectively. In the bottom left corner are plenty of data points so that it appears as a “black area”. The line shows the correlation between APC and SNIP. Although the positive correlation seems to be weak, it is statistically highly significant. Hence, articles in high-impact journals tend to be charged more than in low-impact journals. The intercept shows that (almost) zero-impact journals charge “on average” €1,400 for a publication.
<img src="/images/APC-SNIP-Korrelation.jpg" alt="Presentation of the coherence between SNIP and APC level" width="400" height="400" display="block" />
## Coherence between open-access-status of a journal and APC level
## Relationship between open-access-status of a journal and APC level
Another potential variable explaining the variation in actually paid APCs might be whether the journal is open-access or hybrid. Hybrid journals are whose that contain closed- as well as open-access articles. The following figure breaks down APC-payments for publications in open-access and hybrid journals, and shows box plots for each group. By this, we can easily see within which range APCs are, how they are distributed, and what the differences between APCs for hybrid and open-access journals are. The box displays the first and the third quartile; the band inside the box is the median. This means that 50 per cent of the APCs lie within the box, and half of the other 50 per cent lies above and below the box, respectively (the vertical lines). The points indicate exceptionally high or low APCs.
......@@ -28,13 +28,13 @@ Another potential variable explaining the variation in actually paid APCs might
One can see that APCs in hybrid journal are much higher than in open-access journals. Although this does not need to be in any case, it is a clear general pattern. The median APC for publications in hybrid journals is about €1,000 costlier than in open-access journals. Moreover, the 25%-quantile for hybrid journals is above the 75%-quantile for open-access journals, which means that three-quarter of the APCs paid to hybrid journals were more expensive than three-quarter of the APCs for open-access journals.
## Coherence between open-access-status of a journal and SNIP
## Relationship between open-access-status of a journal and SNIP
The finding that APCs for publication in hybrid-journals are often much higher than APCs in open-access journals, can partially be resolved by the citation impact. Hybrid journals tend to have higher impact compared to open-access journals (see figure below). To summarize, there is a positive relationship between APCs and SNIP, between APCs and whether the journals is open-access or hybrid, and between SNIP and whether the journals in open-access or hybrid. To isolate the effect of citation impact on APCs, we need to take into account the other relationships that might influence APCs. This is basically what is done in a regression analysis.
<img src="/images/SNIP-Hybridstatus-Korrelation.jpg" alt="Presentation of the coherence between open-access-status of a journal and SNIP" width="400" height="400" display="block" />
## Coherence between publisher and APC level
## Relationship between publisher and APC level
The SNIP and the access-mode of a journal are most probably not the only factors that influence the level of an APC. Publishers might follow different price-setting strategies, or some reputation associated with a publisher label that is not reflected in the SNIP. We can analyze this by comparing APC-levels for each publisher. However, we restrict this exercise to the biggest publisher (according to the OpenAPC-sample) for practical reasons. The APCs for articles to be published by the other publishers are merged to the group “other”.
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